- Seahorse Genus: Hippocampus
- Species count: About 35 worldwide
- Seahorse species size: Varies from 2.5 to 35c
- Relatives of the seahorse: the pipefishes, flute mouths, shrimp fish, and snipe fish
- 12 Species of the genus Hippocampus & Geographical distribution:
H. ingens: West coast of (sub)tropical North-,Central-and South America;
H. hippocampus: Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Sea from Morrocco through South-east France;
H. redi: South America's West coast through Carribean, Mexico, Florida;
H. erectus: East coast of North, Central and South America from Argentina through Canada;
H. zosterae: Gulf of Mexico and Carribean;
H. comes: Far East coast from Taiwan through Indonesia;
H. histrix: Indian Ocaen, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Far East through Japan, Australia;
H. abdominalis:New Zealand, South and East Australia;
H. bargibanti: New Caledonia;
H. breviceps: South and East Australia;
H. whitei: East Australia;
H. fuscus: Tropical coasts of Indian Ocean
- Main food of the seahorse are shrimp and other Crustaceans
- Seahorses usually do not survive for more than one year in captivity
- Seahorses have a prehensile tail and a dorsal fin adapted for locomotion
- About 20 million live and dead seahorses were traded legally in 1993
- The seahorses are used for medicines and aphrodisiacs in Asia.
They are also used for aquariums, curios, and food all around the world
Magical Things About Seahorses
- The Chinese believe that seahorses cure everything from asthma to impotence.
- The ability of the seahorse to change color is even stronger than the Chameleon.They do this for camouflage, reacting to
other seahorses, and expressing emotions
- The Hippocampus hippocampus develops skin filaments to camouflage, and looks like sea weed.
Hippocampus bargibanti does this to look like coral. Highly variable coloration is also a feature of Hippocampus kuda, a seahorse widespread in Indo-Pacific coastal regions.